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Trade Monitoring Database

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Trade measures

The WTO Trade Monitoring Exercise is a factual, non-legal exercise that provides transparency regarding new trade and trade policy related measures. Two Trade Monitoring Reports are circulated every year, in July and December, allowing WTO Members to undertake an interactive peer review at the WTO Headquarters. The Reports are developed in close cooperation with WTO Members and cover trade measures implemented in the areas of goods, services and intellectual property. They also provide up-to date accounts on other issues, including trade remedies, SPS, TBT and agriculture.

Measures on Goods

WTO Members have implemented various trade and trade-related measures on goods recorded by the trade monitoring exercise since October 2008. Measures on goods cover measures that facilitate or restrict trade on goods and also initiations of trade remedy investigations and terminations of trade remedy actions. Almost all such measures appear to have been taken within the flexibilities provided for in the multilateral trading system.

Measures in Services

WTO Members have introduced several trade in services measures that have been captured by the trade monitoring exercise since October 2015, some horizontal in nature and some affecting specific services sectors. While most of these measures have provide for additional liberalization or otherwise facilitated services trade, a number of them appeared to be trade restrictive.

Intellectual Property Measures

WTO Members implemented a variety of measures to modernize their intellectual property (IP) regimes and streamline IP and trade in knowledge into their economies. Intellectual property measures have been captured by the trade monitoring exercise since October 2015.

COVID-19 and world trade

The COVID-19 and world trade webpage provides information on COVID-19 measures implemented by WTO Members and Observers related to trade in goods, services and intellectual property. It also includes support measures, implemented in response to the COVID-19 and communicated by WTO Members and Observers to the Secretariat. This information has been compiled by the WTO Secretariat and is an informal situation report and an attempt to provide transparency with respect to measures taken in the context of the pandemic. These lists of measures are not exhaustive and are updated regularly by the WTO Secretariat.

Highlights from last report

discussed by the WTO Members on 27/07/2022

The Director-General’s latest mid-year report on trade-related developments covering the period from mid-October 2021 to mid-May 2022 was presented to members on 27 July. The Report arrives at a time when the world faces severe challenges and economic uncertainty, aggravated by the COVID-19 pandemic and the war in Ukraine. The report shows that WTO Members continued to exercise restraint in the use of trade-restrictions but "the risk by the combined numerous challenges generated by the pandemic and the war should not be underestimated", said WTO Director-General Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala. Building on the success of MC12, DG Okonjo-Iweala calls on Members to show that the international community can work together to de-escalate tensions and ensure a solid economic recovery.

Recent reports

Multiple Crises and Continued Restraint in the Use of Trade Restrictions
27/07/2022

The latest Director-General’s mid-year report on trade-related developments arrives at a time when the world faces severe challenges and economic uncertainty, aggravated by the pandemic and the war in Ukraine. The Report shows that WTO Members continued to exercise restraint in the use of trade restrictions during the review period (mid-October 2021 to mid-May 2022). Building on the success of MC12, WTO Director-General calls on Members to show that the international community can work together to de-escalate tensions and ensure a solid economic recovery.

Continued but slow rollback of COVID-19 related trade restrictions
09/12/2021

WTO members showed restraint in the imposition of new trade-restrictive measures related to COVID-19 and continued to roll back restrictions adopted earlier in the pandemic, according to the Director-General’s annual overview report on trade-related developments. Despite a slowdown in new trade restrictions unrelated to the pandemic, the stockpile of unrepealed restrictive measures that has accumulated since the monitoring exercise started in 2009 now affects traded merchandise worth an estimated USD 1.5 trillion, or nearly 9% of world imports.

Goods measures

Last reporting period: 16/10/2021 - 15/05/2022

Next reporting period: 16/05/2022 - 15/10/2022